British researchers are on a global mission to discover the origin of the universe in the past. Scientists are eager to explore how the current cosmos formed from the scramble of chaos in space.
The project will be joined by six universities across the country who will be responsible for creating new space instruments for the Simons Observatory.
UK to build new telescopes for Simons Observatory
(Photo: Guillermo Ferla of Unsplash)
Like Yahoo! According to the news, British researchers will help other foreign astronomers upgrade the Simons Observatory or SO through the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) experiment.
That being said, new telescopes will be created to scan the sky above the Atacama Desert in Chile at 5,300 meters.
The observatory will contain three 16-inch instruments that will be used for CMB measurement. Additionally, the SO would also have a larger telescope which is 20 feet.
The CMB is a crucial part of the project because it is the heat trail that remains after the Big Bang millions of years ago.
According to the Science and Technologies Facilities Council’s Associate Director, Dr Colin Vincent, this project funding will allow UK researchers to “spearhead discoveries” with other respectable astronomers from different countries.
Dr Vincent added that this discovery will help them uncover “the secrets of the dawn of time”.
Related article: UK Environment Agency plans to raise its civil cap on pollution fines up to $240m
Mysterious CMB Baffles Scientists
During the 1960s, radio astronomers based in the United States were able to detect MCB in the sky. When they dug up this interesting stuff, they thought it was just a simple “buzz” above the heavens.
In fact, the mysterious microwaves baffled them as to their origin. Experts later learned that it was primordial heat that first existed when the universe formed.
The ongoing international project aims to delve deeper into the appearance of the universe in a fraction of a second. Current galaxies, according to some astronomers, were once “just energy fluctuations” when the universe underwent so-called cosmic inflation.
To better study this expansion process, the Simons Observatory will be there for scientists to come up with new inflation models.
That being said, astronomers want to know more about dark matter and how galaxy evolutions have progressed over time.
In addition to the six British universities such as Imperial College London, University of Cambridge, Cardiff University, University of Manchester, University of Oxford and University of Sussex, the project led by the United States includes 85 institutes in 13 countries, according to The Guardian. .
For the next 10 years, the Simons Observatory will perform sky mapping to increase its sensitivity. Very small fluctuations in CMB radiation will reveal more about the origin of the universe, its evolution and its past composition, according to Professor Erminia Calabrese of the Cardiff School of Physics and Astronomy.
Also read: NASA detects the most powerful burst of cosmic gamma rays, signals the start of a new black hole?
This article belongs to Tech Times
Written by Joseph Henry
ⓒ 2022 TECHTIMES.com All rights reserved. Do not reproduce without permission.